Differences in Intel (NASM) vs AT&T (GAS) Syntax.

Register & Immediate Prefixes

   Intel Syntax
   mov     eax,1
   mov     ebx,0ffh
   int     80h

   AT&T Syntax
   movl    $1,%eax
   movl    $0xff,%ebx
   int     $0x80

Direction of Operands.

 Intel Syntax
 instr   dest,source
 mov     eax,[ecx]

 AT&T Syntax
 instr   source,dest
 movl    (%ecx),%eax

Memory Operands.

Intex Syntax
mov     eax,[ebx]
mov     eax,[ebx+3]

AT&T Syntax
movl    (%ebx),%eax
movl    3(%ebx),%eax

Complex instructions

Intel Syntax
instr   foo,segreg:[base+index*scale+disp]
mov     eax,[ebx+20h]
add     eax,[ebx+ecx*2h
lea     eax,[ebx+ecx]
sub     eax,[ebx+ecx*4h-20h]

AT&T Syntax
instr   %segreg:disp(base,index,scale),foo
movl    0x20(%ebx),%eax
addl    (%ebx,%ecx,0x2),%eax
leal    (%ebx,%ecx),%eax
subl    -0x20(%ebx,%ecx,0x4),%eax

Mnemonic Suffixes

Style 8 bits 16 bit 32 bits 64 bits
ATT(GAS) ‘b’ ‘w’ ‘l’ ‘q’
Intel(NASM) byte ptr word ptr dword ptr qword ptr
   Intel Syntax
   mov     al,bl
   mov     ax,bx
   mov     eax,ebx
   mov     eax, dword ptr [ebx]

   AT&T Syntax
   movb    %bl,%al
   movw    %bx,%ax
   movl    %ebx,%eax
   movl    (%ebx),%eax

Data Size Declarations

| Style | 8 bits | 16 bit | 32 bits| 64 bits | Example| |:–:|:–:|:–:|:–:|:–:|:–:| | ATT(GAS) | ‘db’ | ‘dw’|’dd’ | ‘dq’| var1 dd 40 | | Intel(NASM) | .byte | .int | .long | | var1: .int 40 |


; in Intel and # or C style in Att.



; Text segment begins
section .text

   global _start

; Program entry point

; Put the code number for system call
      mov   eax, 1

; Return value
      mov   ebx, 2

; Call the OS
      int   80h


# Text segment begins
.section .text

   .globl _start

# Program entry point

# Put the code number for system call
      movl  $1, %eax

/* Return value */
      movl  $2, %ebx

# Call the OS
      int   $0x80